An Introduction to Language, 11th Edition کتاب An Introduction to Language 11th Edition اثر Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams

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  • AUTHORS: Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams
  • Paperback: 624 pages
  • ISBN-13: 978-1337559577

نقد و بررسی تخصصی An Introduction to Language, 11th Edition

 کتاب An Introduction to Language 11th Edition اثر   Victoria Fromkin, Robert Rodman, Nina Hyams

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AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, 11th Edition, offers an entirely up-to-date look at language studies and linguistics in today's world. Written from the ground up as if it were a first edition, the book is fresh, modern, and reflective of the current state of the field. At the same time, it maintains the acclaimed light, friendly, readable style and the breadth of coverage that have made it a perennial best seller. The authors examine grammatical subjects (e.g., morphology, syntax, semantics, phonetics, phonology), childhood language development and adult secondary language acquisition, and the tremendous leap in knowledge achieved in neurolinguistics

This edition has been rewritten for improved clarity, conciseness, and currency. It includes new developments in linguistics and related fields that strengthen its appeal to a wider audience

The eleventh edition has 10 chapters instead of the 12 of earlier editions. The chapters on computer processing of human language and writing have been eliminated, with some of the material on the history of writing incorporated into Chapter 8, "Language Change." This more streamlined edition enables teachers and students on a quarter system to more fully utilize the material. For those on the semester system, it allows extra time for the more challenging chapters such as phonology and syntax

Additional research-oriented exercises have been added throughout for instructors who wish their students to pursue certain topics more deeply. Some exercises continue to be marked as "challenge" questions: they go beyond the scope of what is ordinarily expected in a first course in language study

The Chapter 2 section on compound words has been expanded to include a detailed discussion of their internal structure

Chapter 3 on syntax is the most heavily revised chapter. The first half of the chapter introduces the universal and easily understood notions of constituency, syntactic categories, phrase structure trees and rules, structural ambiguity, and infinite scope language. The second half delves into the internal structure of phrases, including the concepts of heads, complements, and selection. The chapter ends with a basic introduction to grammatical dependencies, including agreement rules and the transformational analysis of questions, carefully explained and illustrated

Chapter 4, "The Meaning of Language," contains revised sections on argument structure and thematic roles and semantic features, the latter now containing a discussion of how these features affect syntax

Chapter 8, "Language Change: The Syllables of Time," has been updated with the latest research on language families, language relatedness, and language typology. In response to reviewers' requests, the chapter presents a detailed and more complex illustration of the application of the comparative method to two contemporary dialects to reconstruct their ancestor -- often called "internal reconstruction." The thematically related section on the history of writing is also included, moved from its previous location in a separate chapter



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